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Our Research

Metal AM

Novel design and build that leverages metal AM. Study of part residual stresses due to geometry and toolpath junctions.  

Intelligent Stock Models

Design of stock models that accurately represent AM built parts for simulation and virtual testing. 

Hybrid Manufacturing

Where machining and additive processes blend to unlock limitless possibilities in advanced fabrication techniques and design recovery.

Process Planning Strategies

Computer aided process planning for metal AM parts via simulation and proof of concept through physical experiment.

Surface Finish Analysis

Exploration of surface finish properties of metal AM built parts, applying tribology principles. 

Toolpath Optimization

Optimization of AM toolpaths to reduce voids and residual stresses. Toolpath manipulation for complex geometries and investigation of  support-less structures as well as multi-axis toolpaths.

Advanced Production
& Design Lab

The Advanced Design and Production Lab falls under the Department of Mechanical, Automotive and Materials Engineering at the University of Windsor. This lab:

Bridges research related to advanced manufacturing and practical applications 

Explores cognitive ergonomics related to complexity (product, process, and operations perspectives for effective systems design)

Possesses reverse engineering tools to target creating either a replicate model or an idealized model which can be utilized for subsequent downstream optimization.

Develops product design for manufacturing; process planning and manufacturing systems design; design recovery

Provides support for process improvements including modeling, simulation, and experimentation 

The lab is equipped with an industrial grade Fused Deposition Modeling machine: Fortus 400 M/C and a 3 axis CNC printer-mill machine to explore hybrid deposition and machining synergies.

Utilizes innovative technologies to improve product and process designs including: Rapid manufacturing strategies (including additive manufacturing (3D printing), rapid prototyping, machining, design for changeovers and inspection)

Collaborates with industry to

(1) assist with additive manufacturing process design and simulation tool development (to combine additive and subtractive processes seamlessly) and (2) address process planning challenges with multi-tasking machine tools.

Selected Publications

Urbanic, R. J., Hedrick, R., Burford, C., (2016) A process planning framework and virtual representation for bead-based additive manufacturing processes, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, DOI: 10.1007/s00170-016-9392-8; article is in-press.


Urbanic, R. J., Hedrick, R., Djuric, A., (2016) A Linkage Based Solution Approach for Determining 6 Axis Serial Robotic Travel Path Feasibility, SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 9/2, doi:10.4271/2016-01-0336.


Urbanic, R. J., Saqib, S., Aggarwal, K.,(2016) Using Predictive Modeling and Classification Methods for Single and Overlapping Bead Laser Cladding to Understand Bead Geometry to Process Parameter Relationships, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 138/5, doi: 10.1115/1.4032117.


Impens, D., Urbanic, R. J. (2015) A Comprehensive Assessment on the Impact of Post-Processing Variables on Tensile, Compressive and Bending Characteristics for 3D Printed Components, Rapid Prototyping Journal, 22/3: 591-098.


Urbanic, R. J. (2016) A Design and Inspection Based Methodology for Form-Function Reverse Engineering of Mechanical Components, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 81/9: 1539-1562, DOI:10.1007/s00170-015-7180-5.


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